Dr. Nikhil Pandhi
At North Point ORthopaedics


Orthopaedic Surgeon, Joint Replacement & Sports Medicine Specialist located in Munster, IN


Arthritis services offered in Munster, IN

Arthritis is a common joint condition that affects millions of adults each year. At his orthopedic clinic in Munster, Indiana, Nikhil Pandhi, D.O., M.P.H., uses his expertise in musculoskeletal conditions to diagnose and treat all types of arthritis. Call the office or book an appointment online today to learn more about your nonsurgical and surgical treatment options for arthritis. 

Arthritis Q&A

What is arthritis?

Arthritis is a type of joint disease that causes pain and inflammation. As the disease progresses, the protective layer in your joints — cartilage — starts to break down. 


As a result, you begin to lose your range of motion and flexibility over time. By getting early treatment for your arthritis, you can reduce the risk of serious complications. 

What are the different types of arthritis?


Dr. Pandhi offers medical care for several different types of arthritis, including:

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA)


RA is a type of autoimmune disease that damages the synovial lining in your joints, leading to pain and diminished mobility. Without treatment, RA can even cause wrist, hand, knee, and ankle joint deformities. 

Osteoarthritis (OA)


OA is known as “wear-and-tear” arthritis because it causes the cartilage around your joints to break down. Cartilage is a flexible tissue that helps prevent friction between two connecting bones. Without cartilage, your bones start to rub together and cause pain. 


While both OA and RA develop gradually with time, gout affects your joints rather abruptly. The condition can cause severe pain (often at night), swelling, and redness in a single joint. You can develop gout at the base of your big toe, or even in your knees. 

What are the signs I have arthritis?


Arthritis is a progressive condition, so you might not experience any noticeable symptoms until it progresses into pain and other symptoms. When it reaches that point, you may have:


  • Limited range of motion
  • Joint pain
  • Poor mobility and flexibility
  • Redness
  • Stiffness
  • Visible swelling

The symptoms of arthritis may “come and go,” but they typically feel the worst with exercise and when you first wake up in the morning. 

How is arthritis diagnosed?


Dr. Pandhi reviews your medical history, performs a comprehensive physical exam, and orders X-rays to determine whether you have arthritis. He may also ask questions about your family history, usual diet, and lifestyle habits. 


It’s possible to have more than one form of arthritis, so Dr. Pandhi may order additional tests to evaluate your whole health.  

What treatments are available for arthritis?


Arthritis treatment depends on the specific type you have. However, Dr. Pandhi is an experienced orthopaedic surgeon who specializes in nonsurgical and surgical care for arthritis. 


As part of your treatment plan, he may recommend:


  • Occupational therapy
  • Physical therapy
  • Lifestyle modifications
  • Anti-inflammatory medications
  • Biologics
  • Minimally invasive surgery
  • Joint injections


Call Nikhil Pandhi, D.O., M.P.H., today or book an appointment online to learn more about arthritis.